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By June construction had reached the second level platform, and on Bastille Day this was used for a fireworks display, and Eiffel held a celebratory banquet for the press on the first level platform. Jean-René Bönickhausen hieß dieser Stammvater Gustave Eiffels; er … Ghenh Bridge and Rach Cat Bridge in Bien Hoa city, Santa Efigênia Viaduct, São Paulo, Brazil (1913), Dam on Great Bačka Canal, Bečej, Vojvodina, Serbia (1900), Casa del Cura (also called Casa Eiffel), in, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:23. Since the lifts were not yet in operation, the ascent was made by foot, and took over an hour, Eiffel frequently stopping to make explanations of various features. Mai 1878. His first aerodynamic experiments, an investigation of the air resistance of surfaces, was carried out by dropping the surface to be investigated together with a measuring apparatus down a vertical cable stretched between the second level of the Eiffel Tower and the ground. The task was a demanding one: the river was fast-flowing, up to 20 m (66 ft) deep, and had a bed formed of a deep layer of gravel which made the construction of piers on the river bed impossible, and so the bridge had to have a central span of 160 m (520 ft). Décès 27 décembre 1923 (à 91 ans). (Lithograph by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son) AGE, one of the chief architects behind the Eiffel Tower: 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923. He then built a laboratory on the Champ de Mars at the foot of the tower in 1905, building his first wind tunnel there in 1909. Der nach dem Erbauer Gustave Eiffel benannte und zum Errichtungszeitpunkt noch 312 Meter hohe Turm war von seiner Erbauung bis zur Fertigstellung des Chrysler Building 1930 in New York das höchste Bauwerk der Welt. A proposal to demolish the railway bridge of Bordeaux (also known as the "passerelle St Jean"), the first major work of Gustave Eiffel, resulted in a large response from the public. The government is asking Eiffel to design something spectacular for the 1889 Paris World Fair, but Eiffel simply wants to design the subway. Eiffel zeigte Durchhaltevermögen, diplomatische Menschenkenntnis und vor allem großes Organisationstalent, immer die geeignetsten Fachleute für seine Projekte zu gewinnen und zusammenzuführen. Edouard had 4 siblings: Albert EIFFEL … Gustave Eiffel ist am 27. Er war für die Pariser Weltausstellung 1889 vorgesehen und wurde unter Eiffels Leitung erbaut. In 1875, Eiffel et Cie were given two important contracts, one for a new terminus for the line from Vienna to Budapest and the other for a bridge over the river Douro in Portugal. Zwischen 1881 und 1882 baute Eiffel die Brücke von Szeged in Ungarn. These used a small number of standard components, all small enough to be readily transportable in areas with poor or non-existent roads, and were joined together using bolts rather than rivets, reducing the need for skilled labour on site. [26], "To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. Although no more than 250 men were employed on the site, a prodigious amount of exacting preparatory work was entailed: the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detail drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed. 7 avr. [16] The station in Budapest was an innovative design. Seine Frau starb jedoch schon sehr früh im Jahr 1877. [19] With Emma Mackey, Romain Duris, Pierre Deladonchamps, Michèle Clément. Die wesentlichen Ingenieuraufgaben beim Garrabit-Viadukt (Entwurf und Statik) wurden vo… The growth of the railway network had an immense effect on people's lives, but although the enormous number of bridges and other work undertaken by Eiffel were an important part of this, the two works that did most to make him famous are the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower, both projects of immense symbolic importance and today internationally recognized landmarks. A temporary concession to Gustave Eiffel A convention was signed on January 8, 1887 between Gustave Eiffel and the other stakeholders’ representatives, Édouard Lockroy, Minister of Commerce, on behalf of the national government, and Eugène Poubelle, prefect for the Seine, on behalf of the City. The plan was changed to one using locks, which Eiffel was contracted to design and build. [15] His first important commission was for two viaducts for the railway line between Lyon and Bordeaux, and the company also began to undertake work in other countries, including the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile, which was an all-metal prefabricated building, manufactured in France and shipped to South America in pieces to be assembled on site. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel 2. Alexandre was born on January 15 1832, in Dijon, 21, Cote d'Or. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel wurde am 15. Gustave Eiffel, 1832-1923. Dezember 1923 in Paris) war ein französischer Ingenieur. They had five children: Claire, born on 19 August 1863, Laure, Édouard, Valentine, and the youngest, Albert, born in August 1873. Auf Braibant zurückgehend hat sich die Erklärung verbreitet, dass dessen 1680 in Marmagen getaufter Sohn Wilhelm Heinrich um 1710 nach Frankreich ausgewandert sei und sich dort Jean René Bönickhausen mit dem Zusatz Eiffel genannt habe. Although he was simply a contractor, he was charged along with the directors of the project with raising money under false pretenses and misappropriation of funds. Shortly before the trial Eiffel had announced his intention to resign from the Board of Directors of the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, and did so at a General Meeting held on 14 February, saying "I have absolutely decided to abstain from any participation in any manufacturing business from now on, and so that no one can be misled and to make it most evident that I intend to remain absolutely uninvolved with the management of the establishments which bear my name, I insist that my name should disappear from the name of the company. Danach arbeitete er in verschiedenen Konstruktionsbüros, bis er 1856 eine Anstellung als Brückenbauingenieur bei der westfranzösischen Compagnie des chemins de fer de l’Ouest fand, bei der er sich erstmals mit der Konstruktion von Eisenbahnbrücken befasste. [28] The task of drawing the components was complicated by the complex angles involved in the design and the degree of precision required: the positions of rivet holes were specified to within 0.1 mm (0.04 in) and angles worked out to one second of arc. In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a canal across the Panama Isthmus. Gustave Eiffel starb 1923 im Alter von 91 Jahren und wurde auf dem Friedhof von Levallois-Perret, nordwestlich von Paris, beigesetzt. He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. Der Schriftsteller und Eiffel-Biograph François Poncetton[13] und der ehemalige Generaldirektor der französischen Archive, Charles Braibant[12] vertraten die Annahme, dass der älteste Vorfahre in der französischen Linie, Jean René Bönickhausen, der Familie des Eifeler Schulmeisters Leo Heinrich Bönickhausen entstammt. Some of Nepveu's businesses were then acquired by the Compagnie Belge de Matériels de Chemin de Fer: Nepveu was appointed the managing director of the two factories in Paris, and offered Eiffel a job as head of the research department. Michel Gaudart de Soulages, Hubert Lamant: Archives nationales: BB/11/1473 dossier 3121x78. And for twenty years ... we shall see stretching like a blot of ink the hateful shadow of the hateful column of bolted sheet metal". Between 1892 and 1891 he compiled a complete set of meteorological readings, and later extended his record-taking to include measurements from 25 different locations across France. On 6 October 1868 he entered into partnership with Théophile Seyrig, like Eiffel a graduate of the École Centrale, forming the company Eiffel et Cie. [37] Eiffel's interest in these areas was a consequence of the problems he had encountered with the effects of wind forces on the structures he had built. Bonickhausen dit Eiffel (genannt Eiffel). The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifelmountains in the region from which they had come. Die deutsche Schreibung des Namens Bonickhausen ist „Bönickhausen“ mit Umlautzeichen. Gustave Eiffel, for his part, is more complete in his response, but his arguments seem equally astonishing. Alles über die interessantesten Brücken der Welt. The locks were on a large scale, most having a change of level of 11 m (36 ft). The dome, with a diameter of 22.4 m (73 ft), was the largest in the world when built and used an ingenious bearing device: rather than running on wheels or rollers, it was supported by a ring-shaped hollow girder floating in a circular trough containing a solution of magnesium chloride in water. The bridge over the Douro came about as the result of a competition held by the Royal Portuguese Railroad Company. ZBW – Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft. At the same time he was employed by Jean-Baptiste Kranz to assist him in the design of the exhibition hall for the Exposition Universelle which was to be held in 1867. Dezember 1923 in Paris) war ein französischer Ingenieur mit deutschen Vorfahren. In 1886 Eiffel also designed the dome for the Astronomical Observatory in Nice. Marie Gaudelet Facts about Gustave Eiffel 3: His job before famous. This was signed by Eiffel acting in his own capacity rather than as the representative of his company, and granted him one and a half million francs toward the construction costs. On 9 February 1893 Eiffel was found guilty on the charge of misuse of funds, and was fined 20,000 francs and sentenced to two years in prison,[33] although he was acquitted on appeal. Mai 1889 Eröffnung feierte. In dessen Sterbeeintrag findet sich der Namenszusatz „dit Eiffel“ (genannt Eiffel).[12]. Gustave Eiffel ever worked as a private secretary for a railway engineer before he becomes famous. Januar 1888 zu montieren waren. mars 31, 1889 Interest. In 1879 the partnership with Seyrig was dissolved, and the company was renamed the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel. Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birth as Bonickhausen dit Eiffel,[1] and was not formally changed to Eiffel until 1880.[2][5]. November 1877) und des Ponte Dom Luís I in Porto (31. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel [alɛkˈsɑ̃dʀ gysˈtaːv ɛˈfɛl] (* 15. Gustave Eiffel, der zusammen mit seinen Ingenieuren E. Nougier und M. Koechlin die Errichtung des Turms genial ins Werk setzte, war in direkter väterlicher Linie der Nachkomme eines nach Frankreich ausgewanderten Eifelers. Sauvestre added the decorative arches to the base, a glass pavilion to the first level and the cupola at the top. Nachdem sich ein Eintritt in die Fabriken seines Onkels nicht verwirklicht hatte, war er für einige Monate in einer Sprengstoff-Fabrik in Châtillon-sur-Seine beschäftigt. Those for the east and south legs were straightforward, each leg resting on four 2 m (6.6 ft) concrete slabs, one for each of the principal girders of each leg but the other two, being closer to the river Seine were more complicated: each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 m (49 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) in diameter driven to a depth of 22 m (72 ft)[27] to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 m (20 ft) thick. The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. Seinem wichtigsten Projekt ging eine Patentanmeldung vom 18. With Sauvestre’s edits, Eiffel supported the final plans and bought the patent rights. Dezember 1880 durch Gerichtsbeschluss in Eiffel ändern. Work on the foundations was complete by 30 June and the erection of the iron work was started. After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". He was already working independently on the construction of two railway stations, at Toulouse and Agen, and in 1866 he was given a contract to oversee the construction of 33 locomotives for the Egyptian government, a profitable but undemanding job in the course of which he visited Egypt, where he visited the Suez Canal which was being constructed by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. Some work had already been carried out by Eugène Viollet-Le-Duc, but he had died in 1879. Oktober 1878 beim Justizministerium beantragt und ausführlich begründet.[15]. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. „Bonickhausen dit Eiffel“ („genannt Eiffel“). Eiffel wuchs in seinem Geburtsort Dijon auf. [7] The family adopted the name Eiffel as a reference to the Eifel mountains in the region from which they had come. Wegen umständlicher Zulassungsbedingungen wechselte er für ein Chemiestudium an die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, die er 1855 mit einem Diplom abschloss. [7] Zwar scheint insbesondere die maßgebliche gestalterische und finanzielle Beteiligung der Freimaurer an der Freiheitsstatue die Mitgliedschaft zu bestätigen, da jedoch Aufnahmedatum als auch der konkrete Name der Loge nicht allgemein bekannt sind, gilt die Mitgliedschaft als umstritten.[8]. Der Entwurf stammte vom Architekten Charles Léon Stephen Sauvestre nach einer Konstruktionsidee von Maurice Koechlin. 1862 heiratete er die Französin Marie Gaudelet, mit der er fünf Kinder hatte, drei Mädchen und zwei Jungen. Vanity Fair caricature by JB Guth (real name Jean-Baptiste Guth, 1883–1921). Jahrhunderts in Aremberg, Kreis Ahrweiler, und in Marmagen, Kreis Euskirchen, und stand dort als ludimagister (Schulmeister) und Sakristan in Kirchendiensten. Actions to protect the bridge were taken as early as 2002 by the "Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel",[42] joined from 2005 onwards by the Association "Sauvons la Passerelle Eiffel" (Save the Eiffel Bridge). The enhanced idea gained Eiffel's support for the project, and he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre had taken out. 2019 - Alexandre Gustave Bönickhausen. [38], In 1913 Eiffel was awarded the Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics by the Smithsonian Institution. The artists of the moment considered it monstrous and the possibility of demolishing it on different occasions was raised. Dieser lebte zu Ende des 17. A graduate of the prestigious École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures of France, he made his name with various bridges for the French railway network, most famously the Garabit viaduct. Eiffel had calculated that this would be satisfactory until they approached halfway to the first level: accordingly work was stopped for the purpose of erecting a wooden supporting scaffold. [25] Eiffel later established a separate company to manage the tower. The name was changed to the Anciens Etablissements Eiffel in 1937.[36]. The Exposition Universelle in 1878 firmly established his reputation as one of the leading engineers of the time. In order to precisely align the legs so that the connecting girders could be put into place, a provision had been made to enable precise adjustments by placing hydraulic jacks in the footings for each of the girders making up the legs. Gustave Eiffel was a French engineer who designed and oversaw construction of the Eiffel Tower. [43], Alexandre Gustave Bonickhausen dit Eiffel, État-civil de la Côte-d'Or, Dijon, Registres d'état civil 1832, p. 249, Charles Braibant, Histoire de la Tour Eiffel, Paris 1964, p. 35, "The Death of a Great Pioneer: Gustav Eiffel Passes Away", "Future of Poland's one and only "Eiffel" Bridge unclear", "Page d'accueil | Association des descendants de Gustave Eiffel", Retour à la liste des extraits des bulletins de l'ADGE, Official website of the Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel (in English), Gustave Eiffel: The Man Behind the Masterpiece, Einsturz der Birsbrücke bei Münchenstein (Basel), Statue of Liberty play (American football), Conservation-restoration of the Statue of Liberty,, Pages using infobox person with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Synagogue in Rue de Pasarelles, Paris (1867), Aérodynamique EIFFEL (wind tunnel), Paris (Auteuil), France (1911), Clock Tower, Monte Cristi, Dominican Republic, The Railway Bridge over the Coura river in. As well as exhibiting models and drawings of work undertaken by the company, Eiffel was also responsible for the construction of several of the exhibition buildings. 1858 ernannte man ihn zum leitenden Ingenieur beim Bau einer 500 Meter langen Eisenbahnbrücke über die Garonne in Bordeaux (später Passerelle Eiffel genannt), die im Juli 1860 eröffnet wurde[3] und als sein erstes Bauwerk gilt. No drilling or shaping was done on site: if any part did not fit it was sent back to the factory for alteration. Der Eiffelturm, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel und die 72 am Tour Eiffel geehrten Persönlichkeiten - Technik - Fachbuch 2018 - ebook 29,99 € - He was buried in the family tomb in Levallois-Perret Cemetery. In May 1884 Koechlin, working at his home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". Nach seinem Tod erhielt das Ingenieurbüro Gustave Eiffels den Auftrag. Diese Eisenbahnbrücke überspannt noch heute in der Nähe des Städtchens Saint Flour das eindrucksvolle Tal der Truyère. Some have already been destroyed, like in Vietnam. Despite being one of the most important engineers and aerodynamicists of his age, Gustave Eiffel’s reputation ultimately rests on two instantly recognisable landmarks: the Eiffel Tower and the Statue of Liberty. [6] He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. Gustave Eiffel was born in Burgundy, France, in the city of Dijon, Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bönickhausen (French pronunciation: [bɔnikozɑ̃]). These were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic rams, both innovative techniques at the time. Der zunächst von der Pariser Bevölkerung nicht akzeptierte Turm avancierte rasch zum international anerkannten Symbol von Paris und Frankreich. Claire Eiffel, Valentine Eiffel, and Laura Eiffel are their daughter. Zu Beginn des 20. Heute wäre Gustave Eiffel 187 Jahre alt. Er errichtete unter anderem 1872 eine Brücke in Chile und 1874 eine Gasfabrik in Bolivien. [10] During his second year he chose to specialize in chemistry, and graduated ranking at 13th place out of 80 candidates in 1855. Als Eiffels deutscher Stammvater gilt dem bisherigen genealogischen Wissensstand zufolge Leo Heinrich Bönickhausen, der Ende des 17. They led, in 2010, to the decision to list Eiffel's Bordeaux bridge as a French Historical Monument. Suddenly, everything changes when Eiffel crosses paths with a mysterious woman from his past. Eiffel went on to attend the Collège Sainte-Barbe in Paris, to prepare for the difficult entrance exams set by engineering colleges in France, and qualified for entry to two of the most prestigious schools – École polytechnique and École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures – and ultimately entered the latter. The members included Jean-Baptiste Krantz, Henri Dion and Léon Molinos, both of whom had known Eiffel for a long time: their report was favorable, and Eiffel got the job. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel Herkunft und akademische Ausbildung Den meisten von uns ist Gustave Eiffel vor allem durch "seinen Turm" bekannt, der zum Wahrzeichen der französichen Hauptstadt wurde, und vielleicht weiß der eine oder andere auch, dass seine Firma das Innenleben der New Yorker Freiheitsstatue konstruiert hat. 100% satisfaction guaranteed. Genealogy for Joseph Alexandre Édouard Eiffel (1866 - 1933) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. Contents Biography - Studies - Career Works - Buildings and structures - Bridges - Eiffel Tower - Statue of Liberty - Nice Observatory 3. Created by Gustave Eiffel, the construction of the Eiffel Tower lasted just over two years and 250 workers worked there. On 12 May a commission was set up to examine Eiffel's scheme and its rivals and on 12 June it presented its decision, which was that only Eiffel's proposal met their requirements. Eiffel was initially given the responsibility of assembling the metalwork and eventually took over the management of the entire project from Nepveu, who resigned in March 1860.[13]. Here it was possible to build a larger wind tunnel, and Eiffel began to make tests using scale models of aircraft designs. Alexandre gustave eiffel 1. This was less than a quarter of the estimated cost of six and a half million francs. Der älteste nachweisbare Vorfahre der Familie Bönickhausen in Frankreich ist Jean René Bönickhausen, der am 30. In 1857 Nepveu negotiated a contract to build a railway bridge over the river Garonne at Bordeaux, connecting the Paris-Bordeaux line to the lines running to Sète and Bayonne, which involved the construction of a 500 m (1,600 ft) iron girder bridge supported by six pairs of masonry piers on the river bed. September 1884 voraus „für ein neues Verfahren, das es erlaubt, Metallpfeiler und -pylonen von einer Höhe zu bauen, die dreihundert Meter übersteigen kann“. Lebenslauf. The French Panama Canal Company, headed by Ferdinand de Lesseps, had been attempting to build a sea-level canal, but came to the realization that this was impractical. Due to his mother's business commitments, Gustave spent his childhood living with his grandmother, but nevertheless remained close to his mother, who was to remain an influential figure until her death in 1878. „Bonickhausen dit Eiffel“ („genannt Eiffel“). At 2.35 Eiffel hoisted a large tricolour, to the accompaniment of a 25-gun salute fired from the lower level.[30]. The wind tunnel was used to investigate the characteristics of the airfoil sections used by the early pioneers of aviation such as the Wright Brothers, Gabriel Voisin and Louis Blériot. Auszug aus dem Geburtsregister von Dijon, 713/1832, erstellt am 13. (Münchenstein, Schweiz, 1891),,, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave (vollständiger Name), 1892 beteiligte er sich am Wettbewerb um den Bau der Dreifaltigkeitsbrücke in. People Projects Discussions Surnames Daraufhin übergab er seine Gesellschaft Eiffel & Cie. an seinen Mitarbeiter Maurice Koechlin und zog sich aus dem Geschäft zurück. Following the completion of the project on schedule Eiffel was appointed as the principal engineer of the Compagnie Belge. The tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism both from those who did not believe it feasible and from those who objected on artistic grounds. Eiffel's principal job was to draw up the arch girders of the Galerie des Machines. At the time of Gustave's birth his father, an ex-soldier, was working as an administrator for the French Army; but shortly after his birth his mother expanded a charcoal business she had inherited from her parents to include a coal-distribution business, and soon afterwards his father gave up his job to assist her. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation during the exhibition and for the following twenty years. Each of these slabs supported a limestone block, each with an inclined top to bear the supporting shoe for the ironwork. November 2020 um 13:37 Uhr bearbeitet. Geneviève was born on June 30 1845, in Dijon, 21, Cote d'Or. 1880 erhielt er den Zuschlag für den Bau des Viadukts von Garabit, das wegen seiner Höhe (122 Meter) und seiner gebogenen Form Aufsehen erregte und erst im Juli 1888 eröffnet werden konnte. Eiffel's reputation was badly damaged when he was implicated in the financial and political scandal which followed. [5][6] 1879 begann er mit der Entwicklung eines ausgeklügelten Trägersystems für die Tragwerke des inneren Stützgerüsts der von dem Franzosen Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi entworfenen Freiheitsstatue in New York, deren Einweihung am 28. Die deutsche Schreibung des Namens Bonickhausen ist „Bönickhausen“ mit Umlautzeichen. Champs; Ingénierie, chimie, industrie, architecture Institutions; Collège Sainte-Barbe, Diplôme École centrale Paris, promotion 1855. Das Dictionnaire des Francs-Maçons Européens nennt Eiffel als Mitglied einer Loge des Grand Orient de France, ohne jedoch die Loge konkret zu benennen. Little happened until the beginning of 1886, but with the re-election of Jules Grévy as President and his appointment of Edouard Lockroy as Minister for Trade decisions began to be made. Dezember 1880 verfügt wurde, den Namen „Eiffel“ an die Stelle von „Bonickhausen dit Eiffel“ zu setzen. After his retirement from engineering, Eiffel focused on research into meteorology and aerodynamics, making significant contributions in both fields. [17] Gustave EIFFEL, born 15 December 1832 - Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, deceased 27 December 1923 - Paris, 75008, Paris, ... Edouard EIFFEL 1866-1933; Valentine EIFFEL 1870-1965 Married 23 January 1890, Église Saint-François de Sales - Paris, 75017, Paris, France, toCamille PICCIONI 1859-1932; Albert EIFFEL 1873-1941 Sources. A number of different types were produced, ranging from footbridges to standard-gauge railway bridges. After a few months working as an unpaid assistant to his brother-in-law, who managed a foundry, Eiffel approached the railway engineer Charles Nepveu, who gave Eiffel his first paid job as his private secretary. Gustave Eiffel's career was a result of the Industrial Revolution. Er heiratete danach seine Cousine Chantall Letou. Most of the party chose to stop at the lower levels, but a few, including Nouguier, Compagnon, the President of the City Council and reporters from Le Figaro and Le Monde Illustré completed the climb. A budget for the Exposition was passed and on 1 May Lockroy announced an alteration to the terms of the open competition which was being held for a centerpiece for the exposition, which effectively made the choice of Eiffel's design a foregone conclusion: all entries had to include a study for a 300 m (980 ft) four-sided metal tower on the Champ de Mars. Der Name "Eiffel" Die väterlichen Vorfahren Gustave Eiffels trugen den Namen „Bonickhausen-Eiffel“ bzw. Gustave Eiffel starb 1923 im Alter von 91 Jahren und wurde auf dem Friedhof von Levallois-Perret, nordwestlich von Paris, beigesetzt. The same year Eiffel started work on a system of standardised prefabricated bridges, an idea that was the result of a conversation with the governor of Cochin-China. Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. This had been patented by Eiffel in 1881. Gerhard Mehlhorn/Manfred Curbach (Hrsg. Die Krönung der Brückenbaukarriere Gustave Eiffels, ist zweifellos der Bau des Garabit-Viaduktes im französichen Zentralmassiv. Nationalité Français. Es handelte sich um den nach ihm benannten Pariser Eiffelturm, der seit Baubeginn am 26. Gustave Eiffel married Marguerite Gaudelet in 1862 at the age of 30, in Dijon. Am Rande der Urkunde befindet sich aber der Vermerk, dass per Richterspruch des erstinstanzlichen Gerichts von Dijon vom 15. For a variety of economic and political reasons, this had been slow to make an impact in France,[40] and Eiffel had the good fortune to be working at a time of rapid industrial development in France. Like the Douro bridge, the project involved a lengthy viaduct crossing the river valley as well as the river itself, and Eiffel was given the job without any process of competitive tendering due to his success with the bridge over the Douro. Dezember 1880 ein Gericht in Dijon verfügte. Dort machte er im gleichen Jahr die Bekanntschaft mit dem Stahlbau-Unternehmer Charles Nepveu. About Gustave Eiffel Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, né Bönickhausen1 le 15 décembre 1832 à Dijon et mort le 27 décembre 1923 à Paris, est un ingénieur, un industriel français ayant notamment participé à la construction de la statue de la Liberté à New York et de la tour Eiffel à Paris.

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