Collection & Louvre Palace>Curatorial Departments>Athena, known as the Ingres Minerva, Previous work A spear rested against her left shoulder. Athena Parthenos (Ancient Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ Παρθένος; literally, "Athena the Virgin") is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens.Its epithet was an essential character of the goddess herself. Phidias began his work around 447 BC. The Nike on her outstretched right hand is winged; whether there was a support under it in Phidias' original has been much discussed;[9] evidence in surviving versions is contradictory. four cubits high, and in the other hand a spear; at her feet lies a shield and near the spear is a serpent. Apollo Belvedere, Vatican Museums, Vatican City, Italy Parthenon, temple that dominates the Acropolis at Athens. - [Beth] This is a gallery that was designed to house these sculptures which arrived at the British Museum in the early 19th century. Lachares removed the gold sheets in 296 BC to pay his troops, and the bronze replacements for them were probably gilded thereafter; it was damaged by a fire about 165 BC but repaired. On the middle of her helmet is likeness of the Sphinx ... and on either side of the helmet are griffins in relief. The statue of Athena is upright, with a tunic reaching to the feet, and on her breast the head of Medusa is worked in ivory. The 23.75-karat gold leaf on Nashville's Athena Parthenos weighs a total of 8.5 pounds (3.9 kg) and is one-third the thickness of tissue paper. Parian marble (body) and Pentelic marble (head), Roman copy from the 1st–2nd century AD after the 5th century BC original. To avoid having to support the arm with an awkward brace, and to alleviate the fragility of the pose, Athena's hand now rests on her hip. The original statue reveals the liberties taken by the copyist. It even held a rising Gaea back for a little while, though she proves too powerful to be restrained for a long time. Thank you for your understanding. English: Athena of the Athena Parthenos type, detail. Finally, others mention the Athena Areia of Plataea (an acrolith statue) to account for the technique chosen by the copyist, a hypothesis that nevertheless seems to be contradicted by numismatic evidence. The head of Athena was assembled over an aluminum armature, and the lower part was made in steel. This colossal statue is one of a large series of Roman replicas inspired by the work of the Athenian sculptor Phidias (active 460-435 BC). Athena Parthenos, detail, Parian marble (body) and Pentelic marble (head), Roman copy from the 1st-2nd century AD after the 5th century BC original by Phidias, Louvre… All those who have purchased a ticket for this period will automatically receive a refund—no action is required. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom. Français : Athéna du type de l'Athéna Parthénos. [1] Parthenos 'maiden, virgin' was an epithet of Athena. The name Parthenon derives from one of Athena’s many epithets: Athena Parthenos, meaning Virgin. Other articles where Athena Parthenos is discussed: Phidias: The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias made for the Parthenon, was completed and dedicated in 438. Previous Next OUR TOP LOCATIONS FRANCE Eiffel Tower Louvre Museum Cathedrale Notre Dame Arc de Triomphe Champs- Elysees Sacre-Coeur Palace of Versailes ITALY Colosseum The Pantheon Milan Cathedral The Leaning Tower of Pisa Pompeii The Vatican JAPAN The Tokyo imperial Palace Tokyo Skytree Senjo-ji Temple Hiroshima Peace memorial … The Athena Parthenos displays a few powers, as it is infused with the power of Athena. Her peplos is cinched at the waist by a pair of serpents, whose tails entwine at the back. Louvre Ma91: Title: Athena Type Parthenos: Type: Statue: Material: Marble: Height: 2.40 metres: Context Although everybody agrees that Phidias carved the original, the name of the piece is still controversial. Attic black-figure amphora, © 2006 Musée du Louvre / Daniel Lebée et Carine Deambrosis, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities This blocks depicts the point where one of the two processions are coming to an end, and male marshals can be seen receiving the … [8] Her left knee is slightly bent, her weight slightly shifted to her right leg. The marble statue of a youthful Athena, which was once in the Mattei collection and is now in the Louvre in Paris, has long been regarded as a work of considerable beauty and charm (Plate 66 a–c).It seems to be a copy of an original of the fourth century B.C., but because no other versions of the type are known there has been some hesitation in attributing it to a particular sculptural workshop. The goddess was draped in the simplest form of tunic, the peplos, her shoulders and chest hung with the aegis, the snake fringed, fish-scaled poncho that had been the gift of her father Zeus and had protective powers" (p. 82). His work was modeled on descriptions given of the original. It was built in the mid-5th century BCE and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos. [12], According to Ian Jenkins in The Parthenon and Its Sculpturees "Athena was portrayed as a warrior resting after successful combat. [11] The sculpture was assembled on a wooden core, covered with shaped bronze plates covered in turn with removable gold plates, save for the ivory surfaces of the goddess's face and arms; the gold weighed 44 talents, the equivalent of about 1,100 kilograms (2,400 lb); the Athena Parthenos embodied a sizeable part of the treasury of Athens. Working in the much heavier medium of marble, he was forced to alter the position of the right arm, which in the original is extended forward. With her left hand, she supports a shield with carvings of an Athenian battle against the Amazons. The Parthenon at the Acropolis of Athens. The exact position of Athena's spear, often omitted, is also not fully determined, whether held in the crook of Athena's right arm or supported by one of the snakes in the aegis, as N. Leipen restores it,[10] following the "Aspasios" gem. Despite the dynamic architectural characteristics of the Parthenon, the statue of Athena was designed to be the focal point. This serpent would be Erichthonius. The clothing is the same and the posture simply reversed. A number of ancient reproductions of all or part of the statue have survived. Island Statue Of Liberty, Prince Rainier Albert, Fond De Ruche Anti-varroa, Exposé Sur Le Marketing Pdf, Malaseb Shampooing Pour Chien Avis, île Maurice Quand Partir, Cadeau Futur Papa, Mycose Tortue D'eau, Melkweg Membership Required, Un Homme Cancer Revient Il Après Une Rupture, Concours Grandes écoles Ens, " />

The modern version took eight years to complete, and was unveiled to the public on May 20, 1990. The technique involving several parts used by the copyist - probably intended to imitate the original acrolith - supports the latter hypothesis. The first endeavor to build a sanctuary for Athena Parthenos on the site of the present Parthenon was begun shortly after the Battle of Marathon (c. 490–488 BC) upon a muscular limestone foundation that extended and leveled the southern part of the Acropolis summit. This is a reproduction statue of the lost Athena Parthenos statue that previously resided in the Parthenon in Greece. A modern copy by Alan LeQuire stands in the reproduction of the Parthenon in Nashville, Tennessee. [2] There have been many replicas and works inspired by the statue, in both ancient and modern times. The goddess stood erect, wearing a tunic, aegis, and helmet and holding a Nike… Others feel that it echoes the Athena Lemnia, which had been given to Athens by the inhabitants of Lemnos at roughly the same time. The movement of the right leg reveals the fine drapery of the chiton, while the deep folds of the peplos show the rigidity of the leg carrying the weight of the figure like the fluting of a column. The Statue of Athena Parthenos (begun 447) A famous treasure of Greek art, the Athena Parthenos ("Athena the Virgin") was a monumental chryselephantine cult statue of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and several assistants. Some people think that it is a replica of the Athena Promachos, a colossal bronze statue erected on the Acropolis in Athens in the mid-fifth century BC. Athena the Warrior: decorative element for a utensil or item of furniture, Department of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities: Classical Greek Art (5th-4th centuries BC), Next work Amazonomachy is also seen as the rise of feminism in Greek culture. A number of ancient reproductions of all or part of the statue have survived. athena gave the olive tree (peace and prosperity) poseidon gave a spring -salt water (naval superiority) metope showed battles both real and not greeks vs amazons greeks vs torjans greeks vs titans etc. The pose of the goddess, the harmony of the balance, and the treatment of the drapery are imprinted with the aesthetics of the Parthenon sculptures. [13]. (gentle music) - [Steven] We're in London at the British Museum, standing in a gallery devoted to the sculpture of the Parthenon. νᾶ Παρθένος) is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens; this statue was designed as its focal point. The four ten-inch H beams rest on a concrete structure that extends through the Parthenon floor and basement down to bedrock, to support the great weight of the statue. Enhancer: The statue supports the camp'… When complete the Parthenon frieze was 160 metres in length (114 blocks each about 1.21 metres), depicting two parallel lines in procession. Athena Parthenos Reconstruction, Nashville, Tennessee. The artist played on the contrasts between the different fabrics. The statue depicts Athena after winning in combat. Classical Greek Art (5th-4th centuries BC), Author(s): Français : Athéna du type de l'Athéna Parthénos, détail. Ia remisches Pendant is de Geddin Minerva. The work is a faithful transcription of Phidias' art and the classicism that developed in the second half of the fifth century BC in the wake of the Athenian sculptor (active 470-435 BC). Athena Parthenos (Ancient Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ Παρθένος; literally, "Athena the Virgin") is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens. Go to navigation © 2005-2011 Musée du Louvre - Tous droits de reproduction réservés, Découvrir le Louvre - Missions et projets, Découvrir le Louvre - Louvre, mode d'emploi, Comparer deux œuvres autour du thème de la Nativité, Athena the Warrior: decorative element for a utensil or item of furniture. The technique involving several parts used by the copyist - probably intended to imitate the original acrolith - … English: Athena of the Athena Parthenos type. 1.1. Quite exceptionally, the original Greek statue upon which the Athena Mattei is based still exists: a large bronze discovered at Piraeus, near Athens, in 1959. Athena can be recognized by the aegis draped over her shoulders: the skin of the goat Amalthaea decorated with the head of the Gorgon Medusa and formerly edged with metal snakes. As the patron of arts and crafts, Athena was known as Ergane.She was particularly known as the patroness of spinning and weaving.Athena also had the special ability to invent useful items and crafts which were later adopted by women in Ancient Greece.Items said to be invented by her include chariots, plows, ships, rakes and pottery. frieze similar to stained glass windows in churches parthenon used to be full of color athena … It may have shielded Annabeth and Reyna after she received Aegis from Athena. In ancient Greek religion and myth, Athena is the goddess of wisdom, handicraft and warfare.Athena is usually depicted with animals like owls and snakes; olive trees; and the Gorgoneion, a magic pendant showing the head of a mythical creature known as Gorgon. [3] An account mentions it in Constantinople in the 10th century.[4]. On the pedestal is the birth of Pandora in relief. The statuary type reproduced in the Ingres Minerva seems to be a variant of replicas of the Athena Parthenos, a masterpiece in gold and ivory made by Phidias circa 440 BC and placed in the Parthenon. [5], Its general appearance can be seen from images on coins,[6] from miniature reproductions used as votive objects, and from representations on engraved gems.[7]. Astier Marie-Bénédicte. The single block in the Louvre (photograph above) is from the right of the frieze on the eastern side of the temple. The statue is one of a large series of Roman replicas inspired by a Greek original produced in the fifth century BC. Marbre de Paros (corps) et du Pentélique (tête), copie romaine du Ier-IIe siècle ap. The giant statue, meant to be composed of chryselephantine, gold, and ivory, was redraped in a new elaborate cloak made by prestigious Athenian citizens in a showcase of Athenian piety. DETAILS Museum Collection: Musée du Louvre, Paris: Catalogue No. [citation needed], Colin Delaney, "Pheidias, Sculptor to the Gods", Museum of the Center for the Acropolis Studies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Athena_Parthenos&oldid=985074515, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A 3rd-century BC Roman marble reduced-scale copy of the statue's shield, from the, This page was last edited on 23 October 2020, at 20:03. This colossal statue is one of a large series of Roman replicas inspired by the work of the Athenian sculptor Phidias (active 460-435 BC). [18] It stood in Nashville's Parthenon as a plain, white statue for twelve years. The Tuileries and Carrousel gardens remain open. YOUR HOME AWAY FROM HOME. A figure of winged victory alighted on the palm of her outstretched right hand, while her left hand supported a round shield. Although the copy i… On her right rests the winged goddess of victory Nike. The extremities of the body were carved separately in a different material. Posts about Athena Parthenos written by carolinarh. #1 Athena is the goddess of wisdom, handicraft and warfare. The statuary type, derived from that of the Athena Parthenos, is probably a reproduction of the bronze Athena Promachos of the Acropolis in Athens or the Athena Areia of Plataea. The most famous classical depiction of Athena was the Athena Parthenos , a now-lost 11.5 m (38 ft) [200] gold and ivory statue of her in the Parthenon created by the Athenian sculptor Phidias . In 2002, Parthenon volunteers gilded Athena under the supervision of master gilder Lou Reed. Barrier: The statue is able to shield itself from falling debris and massive attacks. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. The imposing Ingres Minerva stood in the gardens of the Villa Medici in Rome when the French painter Ingres, then director of the Académie de France in Rome, decided to send it to France. The Parthenon at the Acropolis of Athens is a Doric temple with Ionic architectural features built on the foundations of the Hecatompedon designed by Themistocles. Not in strength are we inferior to men; the same our eyes, our limbs the same; one common light we see, one air we breathe; nor different is the food we eat. The statue was 26 cubits (around 11.5 m (37 ft 9 in)) tall and stood on a pedestal measuring 4 by 8 metres. The bodies of the two male and six female figures are quite well preserved, all but three female figures have lost their heads. The Mourning Athena or Athena Meditating is a famous relief sculpture dating to around 470-460 BC that has been interpreted to represent Athena Polias. Une salle du Parthénon, sur l'acropole d'Athènes, fut conçue exclusivement dans le but de l'accueillir. Nashville's Athena stands 41 ft 10 in (12.75 m) tall, making her the largest piece of indoor sculpture in the Western World. I… [17] LeQuire, a Nashville native, was awarded the commission to produce the Parthenon's cult statue. It occasionally glows when active. Marbre de Paros (corps) et du Pentélique (tête), copie romaine du Ier-IIe siècle ap. The culmination of this festival was the redraping of the Athena Parthenos statue, which was considered one of the wonders of the ancient world. According to Leo Valdez, the statue operates and radiates pure sorcery. As the patron of handicrafts, she was associated with spinning … The Nashville Athena Parthenos is made of a composite of gypsum cement and ground fiberglass. The statuary type, derived from that of the Athena Parthenos, is probably a reproduction of the bronze Athena Promachos of the Acropolis in Athens or the Athena Areia of Plataea. This colossal statue is one of a large series of Roman replicas inspired by the work of the Athenian sculptor Phidias (active 460-435 BC). The head and arms were added - as shown by the recesses for fitting probably aimed at imitating the acrolith technique of the original. The Parthenon was designed by Ictinos and Callicrates, the architects who worked for Pericles in the Acropolis reconstruction. Media in category "Athena Parthenos (Louvre, Ma 91)" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. A marble statue of Athena, the protective deity of Athens. In the centre of the Parthenon Gallery on the 3rd floor, the visitor can observe a video presentation about the Parthenon and the sculptural decoration of the monument. 4. /pahr theuh non , neuhn/, n. the temple of Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 B.C. Athena Parthenos (Phidias) – Greek classical period National Archaeological Museum of Athens The Athena Parthenos, by Pheidias, a huge statue of the goddess Athina, created from chryselephantine (Gold and ivory on wood), eleven and a half meters tall, housed in the Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, was removed by the Romans, and is now lost. 1. 5. The original work was made of gold and ivory and stood some 38 feet (12 metres) high. Although richly decorated on the outside with magnificent decorative sculpture, the most important sculpture was always intended to be the giant statue of Athena inside it. (Musee du Louvre Abu Dhabi) La statue d’Athéna Parthénos (grec ancien : Παρθένος Ἀθηνᾶ) est une sculpture monumentale chryséléphantine (faite d'or et d'ivoire) de la déesse grecque Athéna.Attribuée à Phidias, elle était une offrande de la cité d'Athènes à sa déesse tutélaire. LeQuire made each of the 180 cast gypsum panels used to create the statue light enough to be lifted by one person and attached to the steel armature. Acquired in Rome by IngresTransferred from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, 1913 , 1913, N° d'entrée MND 990 (n° usuel Ma 3070), Sully wing Ground floor Athena gallery (also called the Melpomene gallery) Room 344. In Quintus Smyrnaeus's The Fall of Troy, Penthesilea, an Amazonian queen, who joined on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan war, was quoted at Troy, saying: . She holds a statue of Victory [Nike] that is approx. Athena is dressed in a similar way, with a chiton, a peplos, and a cloak thrown negligently over her left shoulder. Parian marble (body) and Pentelic marble (head), Roman copy from the 1st–2nd century AD after the 5th century BC original by Phidias. In the same area are presented ancient marble inscriptions recording detailed cost records of the construction of the Parthenon and the statue of Athena Parthenos. Go to search It entered the Louvre in 1913 after spending several years at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. The statuary type, derived from that of The gilding project took less than four months and makes the modern statue appear that much more like the way that Phidias' Athena Parthenos would have appeared during its time. It was the most renowned cult image of Athens,[note 1] considered one of the greatest achievements of the most acclaimed sculptor of ancient Greece. According to ancient writings (especially Pausanias' Periegesis Hellados), the sculptor made several famous effigies of the goddess, and it is difficult to identify with certitude which of them inspired the copy in the Louvre. In line with the measures taken by the government to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the Musée du Louvre and Musée National Eugène Delacroix are closed up until Tuesday December 15, 2020. Statue of Athena with an owl at the Louvre. This statue features Athena holding the Greek goddess, Nike, in her right hand. The goddess probably wore an Attic helmet with a triple plume and bore attributes symbolizing the greatness of Athens and the power of its tutelary deity. The temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric architectural order. Athena (griachisch : Ἀθηνᾶ, ban Homer Athene), is a Geddin vo da griachischen Mythologie.Se gheat za de zwejf olympischn Gedda und steht fia Weisheit, Strategie, Kampf, Kunst und Handweak. Go to content The ancient historian Pausanias described the statue: ...The statue is created with ivory and gold. Replica of a Greek original, most likely from Italy, either c. 100 BCE or 100-200 CE. Locks of hair trail onto the goddess's breastplate. Parthenon means ‘house of Parthenos’ which was the name given in the 5th century BCE to the chamber (cella) inside the temple which housed the cult statue, and from the 4th century BCE the whole building acquired the name Parthenon. Athena Parthenos - Minerve au collier (Louvre, Ma 91).jpg 3,216 × 4,288; 5.94 MB The statuary type, derived from that of the Athena Parthenos, is probably a reproduction of the bronze Athena Promachos of the Acropolis in Athens or the Athena Areia of Plataea. * * * Chief temple of Athena on the Acropolis at Change language, Home>Collection & Louvre Palace>Curatorial Departments>Athena, known as the Ingres Minerva, Previous work A spear rested against her left shoulder. Athena Parthenos (Ancient Greek: Ἀθηνᾶ Παρθένος; literally, "Athena the Virgin") is a lost massive chryselephantine (gold and ivory) sculpture of the Greek goddess Athena, made by Phidias and his assistants and housed in the Parthenon in Athens.Its epithet was an essential character of the goddess herself. Phidias began his work around 447 BC. The Nike on her outstretched right hand is winged; whether there was a support under it in Phidias' original has been much discussed;[9] evidence in surviving versions is contradictory. four cubits high, and in the other hand a spear; at her feet lies a shield and near the spear is a serpent. Apollo Belvedere, Vatican Museums, Vatican City, Italy Parthenon, temple that dominates the Acropolis at Athens. - [Beth] This is a gallery that was designed to house these sculptures which arrived at the British Museum in the early 19th century. Lachares removed the gold sheets in 296 BC to pay his troops, and the bronze replacements for them were probably gilded thereafter; it was damaged by a fire about 165 BC but repaired. On the middle of her helmet is likeness of the Sphinx ... and on either side of the helmet are griffins in relief. The statue of Athena is upright, with a tunic reaching to the feet, and on her breast the head of Medusa is worked in ivory. The 23.75-karat gold leaf on Nashville's Athena Parthenos weighs a total of 8.5 pounds (3.9 kg) and is one-third the thickness of tissue paper. Parian marble (body) and Pentelic marble (head), Roman copy from the 1st–2nd century AD after the 5th century BC original. To avoid having to support the arm with an awkward brace, and to alleviate the fragility of the pose, Athena's hand now rests on her hip. The original statue reveals the liberties taken by the copyist. It even held a rising Gaea back for a little while, though she proves too powerful to be restrained for a long time. Thank you for your understanding. English: Athena of the Athena Parthenos type, detail. Finally, others mention the Athena Areia of Plataea (an acrolith statue) to account for the technique chosen by the copyist, a hypothesis that nevertheless seems to be contradicted by numismatic evidence. The head of Athena was assembled over an aluminum armature, and the lower part was made in steel. This colossal statue is one of a large series of Roman replicas inspired by the work of the Athenian sculptor Phidias (active 460-435 BC). Athena Parthenos, detail, Parian marble (body) and Pentelic marble (head), Roman copy from the 1st-2nd century AD after the 5th century BC original by Phidias, Louvre… All those who have purchased a ticket for this period will automatically receive a refund—no action is required. Athena was the Greek goddess of wisdom. Français : Athéna du type de l'Athéna Parthénos. [1] Parthenos 'maiden, virgin' was an epithet of Athena. The name Parthenon derives from one of Athena’s many epithets: Athena Parthenos, meaning Virgin. Other articles where Athena Parthenos is discussed: Phidias: The colossal statue of the Athena Parthenos, which Phidias made for the Parthenon, was completed and dedicated in 438. Previous Next OUR TOP LOCATIONS FRANCE Eiffel Tower Louvre Museum Cathedrale Notre Dame Arc de Triomphe Champs- Elysees Sacre-Coeur Palace of Versailes ITALY Colosseum The Pantheon Milan Cathedral The Leaning Tower of Pisa Pompeii The Vatican JAPAN The Tokyo imperial Palace Tokyo Skytree Senjo-ji Temple Hiroshima Peace memorial … The Athena Parthenos displays a few powers, as it is infused with the power of Athena. Her peplos is cinched at the waist by a pair of serpents, whose tails entwine at the back. Louvre Ma91: Title: Athena Type Parthenos: Type: Statue: Material: Marble: Height: 2.40 metres: Context Although everybody agrees that Phidias carved the original, the name of the piece is still controversial. Attic black-figure amphora, © 2006 Musée du Louvre / Daniel Lebée et Carine Deambrosis, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities This blocks depicts the point where one of the two processions are coming to an end, and male marshals can be seen receiving the … [8] Her left knee is slightly bent, her weight slightly shifted to her right leg. The marble statue of a youthful Athena, which was once in the Mattei collection and is now in the Louvre in Paris, has long been regarded as a work of considerable beauty and charm (Plate 66 a–c).It seems to be a copy of an original of the fourth century B.C., but because no other versions of the type are known there has been some hesitation in attributing it to a particular sculptural workshop. The goddess was draped in the simplest form of tunic, the peplos, her shoulders and chest hung with the aegis, the snake fringed, fish-scaled poncho that had been the gift of her father Zeus and had protective powers" (p. 82). His work was modeled on descriptions given of the original. It was built in the mid-5th century BCE and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos. [12], According to Ian Jenkins in The Parthenon and Its Sculpturees "Athena was portrayed as a warrior resting after successful combat. [11] The sculpture was assembled on a wooden core, covered with shaped bronze plates covered in turn with removable gold plates, save for the ivory surfaces of the goddess's face and arms; the gold weighed 44 talents, the equivalent of about 1,100 kilograms (2,400 lb); the Athena Parthenos embodied a sizeable part of the treasury of Athens. Working in the much heavier medium of marble, he was forced to alter the position of the right arm, which in the original is extended forward. With her left hand, she supports a shield with carvings of an Athenian battle against the Amazons. The Parthenon at the Acropolis of Athens. The exact position of Athena's spear, often omitted, is also not fully determined, whether held in the crook of Athena's right arm or supported by one of the snakes in the aegis, as N. Leipen restores it,[10] following the "Aspasios" gem. Despite the dynamic architectural characteristics of the Parthenon, the statue of Athena was designed to be the focal point. This serpent would be Erichthonius. The clothing is the same and the posture simply reversed. A number of ancient reproductions of all or part of the statue have survived.

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